Inside Out Roll zwischen Stäbchen

Sushi Types – The Sushi Guide

Read the german version here.

For most of us, sushi is nothing new on the menu. Still we sometimes sit in front of the computer without really knowing what sushi type we had last time and what the ingredients mean. But help is here: The Sushi Guide provides you with all the vital knowledge about our favourite japanese speciality!

Sushi Infographic

Sushi Types

Maki (rolled sushi)

The classic sushi that comes to mind first: Various fillings are placed on a layer of rice in a nori sheet and then rolled so that the rice and nori curl around the filling.

Maki Sushi

Maki (rolled sushi)

Hoso-Maki (thin roll)

This rice roll with no more than one or two ingredients is made of only half a sheet of nori.


Hoso-Maki (thin roll)

Futo-Maki (thick roll)

This roll includes more than two fillings and is hence prepared from a whole nori sheet


Futo-Maki (thick roll)

Nigiri (pressed sushi)

Nigiri simply means „rice ball“. It is topped with fish, seafood or omelet.

Nigiri Sake

Nigiri (pressed sushi)

Ura Maki / California Roll / Inside Out Roll (Rolled from the inside)

In this case, the rice is placed on the outside of the nori sheet and is decorated with sesame or fish eggs.


Ura-Maki (rolled from the inside)

Temaki (handmade)

Temaki means „handmade“ in Japanese. It’s main characteristic is the cornet shape. It is made by hand with one nori sheet, rice and other ingredients.

Temaki Sushi

Temaki Sushi (handmade)

Chirashi (scattered sushi)

Chirashi is a very easy way of preparing sushi: All you need is a bowl with rice in which you the arrange different kinds fish, omelet, seafood or other ingredients. There is no real recipe for chirashi as the content purely relies on your personal preferences.

Chirashi Sushi

Chirashi Sushi (scattered sushi)

Gunkan (battleship-roll)

Gunkan basically means ship or battleship. This sushi is made from small rolls of nori sheets with a base of rice on which the filling – salmon eggs for example – is placed.


Gunkan (battleship-roll)

Inari (fox-sushi)

Inari are rich, deep fried tofu pockets filled with rice, vegetables and other ingredients. They are known as Inari-zushi, as they are the favourite food of foxes which in turn are the messengers of the god Inari.


Inari (fox sushi)


We could argue that sashimi is not real sushi as there is no rice involved. And it’s true, sashimi is „just“ a way of preparing raw fish in thin slices that are then eaten with wasabi and soy sauce. But as sashimi can be found in almost all sushi menus, we include it here as well.

Sushi Lachs roh


Sushi Ingredients

  • daikon – radish
  • ebi – shrimp
  • kampyo – pumpkin
  • kani – crabmeat
  • kappa – cucumber
  • masago / roes – fish eggs
  • mongoika – sepia / cuttlefish
  • ninjin – carrot
  • saba – mackerel
  • sake – salmon
  • surimi – crabmeat imitation
  • tako – octopus
  • tamago-yaki – sweet omelette
  • tekka / maguro – tuna
  • unagi – fresh water eel

Small Sushi-ABC

  • edamame – boiled, unripe soybean
  • gari – pickled ginger
  • makisu – bamboo mat for making sushi
  • mirin – sweet wine for cooking
  • miso – fermented soy paste
  • nori – thin, dried sheets of seaweed
  • sake – rice wine with 15-20% alcohol
  • tempura – way to prepare fried food
  • wasabi – very spicy, green horseradish from Japan

Sushi Dos and Don’ts

  • you can eat using your fingers or chopsticks – no cutlery allowed
  • do not bite pieces off your sushi – Temaki is an exception
  • do not dip the rice into the soy sauce – only the fish should be dipped
  • wasabi does not belong into soy sauce – it belongs onto the fish
Sushi Guide Dos and Don´ts

The most popular types of sushi

Of course, many people order sushi every day through our platform. We analysed the orders from last year and can now proudly present the five most popular types of sushi among customers.

die beliebtesten Sushi Sorten

1st place

Sake Maki (28 kcal/pc.)

2nd place

Avocado Maki (20 kcal/pc.)

3rd place

Kappa Maki (20 kcal/pc.)

4th place

Nigiri Sake (60 kcal/pc.)

5th place

Tekka / Maguro Maki (23 kcal/pc.)

This is where the most Sushi is ordered

In which cities in Germany is the most sushi ordered you asked? Looking at the order numbers of 2015 we can tell you that in the following five cities a big chunk of all food ordered is actually sushi.

1st place

Berlin (18%)

2nd place

Frankfurt (12%)

3rd place

Munich (12%)

4th place

Hamburg (11%)

5th place

Dusseldorf (7%)

You can eat that many Sake Maki instead of having …

1 big cheeseburger (560 kcal) = 20 Sake Maki

1 salami pizza (870 kcal) = 31 Sake Maki

1 serving spaghetti bolognese (670 kcal) = 24 Sake Maki

Maki Cheeseburger comparison

Modern types of Sushi

Every year brings us new types of sushi. We collected the sushi trends of 2015 (in German here) and still want to try the Sushi-Burrito and the breakfast sushi. Many people also want more than just fish and put ingredients like chicken, cream cheese, green onion or even hot sauce into their rolls. Those of you who cannot think of a life without bacon, should follow our example and try out bacon sushi. The recipe can be found here (in German).

Really hungry now, craving for good sushi and living in Munich? Congratulations – you can order at the best sushi restaurant of 2015: Sushi Plus.